Wednesday, January 19, 2022

Reference Material

Post by Doris McCraw

writing as Angela Raines

Photo property of the author

Like a lot of people, 2021 was kind of a lost year. I didn't publish anything last year. That doesn't mean I wasn't writing, but editing was a loss for me. So for 2022, it's back to business. 

So, as I finish up the stories that are in the loop, I will be fine-tuning the information. That will include my favorite part of writing, research. For those who are interested, here is a list of resources I use. Perhaps some of you have used them also.

1. Newspaper Archives. This is my go-to for information on what was happening during the time that the stories are set. Sometimes it's just a small detail, sometimes major events. Like all research, it adds authenticity to the story.

2. Colorado Historic Newspapers. Since my westerns are set in Colorado, this is my lifeline to the minutia that makes the stories come to life. 

3. "Doctor at Timberline" by Charles Fox Gardiner. This autobiography tells the story of an eastern doctor who starts his practice in the high mountains of Colorado. It has been very useful when writing the stories of women doctors in Colorado.

4. "The Doctor's Bag" by Dr. Keith Souter. This book is a compilation of blog posts about medicine through the ages, especially the way medicine was practiced in the Civil War and the West.

Amazon

5. "Log Cabin Cooking" by Barbara Swell. Love this look back at the recipes and lore when cooking was done on the woodstove or hearth.

Amazon

6.  "The Prairie Traveler" by Randolph B. Marcy, Captain, U. S. Army. Originally published in 1859, it is one man's look and advice for those traveling across the continent to the West. 

Amazon

These are just a few of the reference materials I use when writing. Perhaps some of you might like to take a look at them also. Plaster of Paris was used with linen for the immobilization of broken bones as early as 1839. I had my heroine, Josie, in "Josie's Dream" use it when setting a broken bone. Since the story takes place in 1879 on the Eastern Plains of Colorado, I felt safe using that technique.


Amazon




Tuesday, January 18, 2022

Cowboy Sayings - A Horse of a Different Color

“I thought we were going to work in the back fields today, but we’re actually going to town? Now that’s a horse of a different color!”

The origin of the phrase originally came from horse trading. When young horses are born, they are registered with the breed association within a year of birth. Unfortunately, if the horse is a gray horse, it will change color over time, and not necessarily be the color stated on the paperwork. For example, a horse can be born black and then at two years old, start to gray out, and by the time they are five, be a dark dapple gray, by the time they are ten, they are usually almost pure white, and by the time they are fifteen, they are often “flea-bitten” gray—with brown flecks all over their bodies. But, it’s still the same horse.

So when Shakespeare used this phrase in his play Twelfth Night (2:3), this was the way that he had used it — to mean a reference to the same thing. That is, that one is the same as the other, just a different color.

However, over time, the phrase took on a new meaning. By the 1800s, cowboys used it to mean exactly the opposite. That is, they used it to mean that they understood one thing, but found out it was something else entirely. In the quote I used above as an example, it changes perspective and motivation—making it a horse of a different color.

Have you ever heard this saying before? Used it yourself? Could you see yourself using it now? Let me know in a comment!


On average, P. Creeden releases a story each month. Interested in learning more? 
Join her reader group on Facebook:

Sunday, January 16, 2022

A WINDOW INTO AMISH CULTURE - By Annee Jones

 


A Window into Amish Culture

By Annee Jones 

Have you ever read Amish fiction?  I’m a fan of this genre myself because I appreciate sweet love stories with traditional values and underlying biblical themes.  I also enjoy learning about the history and culture of the Amish community.

My newest upcoming release, Getting Hitched in Pumpkin, is set in the fictional town of Pumpkin City, Pennsylvania about an hour from the real city of Lancaster where the oldest and largest Amish community in the United States is located.  In honor of their culture, I’ve included a few Amish characters in my novel. 

I’d like to provide you with a brief look at the history, beliefs, and customs of the Amish. 

During the time of the Reformation in the 16th century in Europe, the Anabaptist movement spurred the creation of three "plain" communities: the Amish, Mennonites and Brethren.  All three groups share the Anabaptist belief that calls for making a conscious choice to accept God.  Therefore, only adults can be baptized.  The groups also share the same basic values including the all-encompassing authority of the Bible, brotherhood, and non-violence. Worship services are held within private homes instead of church buildings. 

Although these spiritual groups have similarities, the Amish are the most conservative, emphasizing humility, family, community, and separation from the non-Amish world, which includes a reluctance to adopt modern conveniences such as electricity, cars, or computers. 


The Pennsylvania Amish believe that community harmony is threatened by secular values such as individualism and pride - which, as we know, are pervasive in today’s modern American society.  Thus, the Amish don’t interact much with outsiders and prohibit habits they believe encourage sin as displayed through their plain style of dress and prohibition of personal photographs.

If you visit this part of Pennsylvania, you may see the horse-drawn buggies of the Amish traveling down country roads.  Men wear dark-colored suits, straight-cut coats with no lapels, broadfall trousers, suspenders, solid-colored shirts, black socks and shoes, and black or straw broad-brimmed hats.  Men do not wear mustaches and generally wait until after marriage to grow beards.


Amish women wear modest, solid-colored dresses, with long sleeves and a full skirt, and a white apron.  Clothing is fastened with straight pins or snaps.  They do not ever cut their hair, which is worn in a bun on the back of the head and concealed by a prayer covering called a “kapp.”  It is considered improper for women to let men view their hair other than one’s own husband.  Women are also not permitted to wear jewelry or makeup.


The Amish speak a language called Pennsylvania Dietsch (or Dutch), which is a German dialect. 

Here is a short glossary of Amish words and their meanings:

Ach – oh

Ach jah – oh yes

Aemen - amen

Aendi – aunt

Appeditlich – delicious

Boppli – babies

Bruder - brother

Buwe – boy

Dat – dad

Dawdi - grandfather

Denki – thank you

Englisch/ Englischer – non-Amish person

Fater – father

Fraa – wife

Gaarda – garden

gmay (lowercase) – Amish community who worship together

Gmay – Amish worship serves

Gott – God (alternate spelling:  Gotte)

Gott segen eich – God bless you

Grossdochder – granddaughter

Gut – good (alternate spellings: gude, guder)

Gut daag – good day

Guder mariye – good morning

Haus - house

Jah – yes

Kapp – head-covering worn by Amish females

Kinder – children

Lieb – love

Liebling / liebchen – darling, term of endearment

Maedel – girl

Mamm – mom (alternate spellings: maem, maam)

Mammi and/or grossmammi – grandma / grandmother

Mann – husband

Mater – mother (alternate spelling: mudder)

Mei – my

Nae – no (alternate spelling: nay)

Naerfich – nervous

Narrish – crazy

Nochber – neighbor

Oll recht – all right

Oncle – uncle

Ordnung – the written and unwritten rules of the Amish; the understood behavior by which the Amish are expected to live, passed down from generation to generation.

Pennsylvania Deitsch – Pennsylvania German, the language most commonly used by the Amish

Schwester – sister

Sohn – son

Wunderbaar – wonderful (alternate spellings: wunderbar, wunderlich)

Willkumme – welcome

Wie bischt? – How are you?

 

Getting Hitched In Pumpkin will be released on January 30, 2022 and is available for pre-order now.  Paperback and Large-print paperback versions will also be available shortly.

https://amzn.to/33nCSWY

 


 

About Me:


Annee Jones is a heartwarming romance and soon-to-be cozy mystery author who enjoys sharing her heart and imagination with others.  She is passionate about writing stories that offer readers a place where dreams come true!

Professionally, Annee works as a disability counselor where she helps her clients navigate through complex medical and legal systems while rediscovering their wholeness in Spirit.

Annee also enjoys freelance writing for Publishers Weekly and multiple publishing companies.

Subscribe to Annee’s newsletter on her website:   www.anneejones.com

Find Annee’s books here:

Amazon:         https://www.amazon.com/~/e/B08KSFSHX1

Goodreads:        https://www.goodreads.com/authoranneejones

Want to join Annee’s private Facebook reader group, Annee's Angels?  Request your spot now:

https://www.facebook.com/groups/anneesangelgroup

You can also connect with Annee on her FB author page:

https://www.facebook.com/AuthorAnneeJones

 

Sources for this article:

https://www.discoverlancaster.com/amish/

https://visittheamish.com/speak-pennsylvania-dutch-amish-words-to-learn/

 

 

 

Thursday, January 13, 2022

Taffy Pulls


Years ago, when I was in high school, I talked my mom into making taffy one cold winter day. She'd never made it before, but was game to try. Two of my nephews happened to be there, and after the candy cooled enough we could work with it, Mom told us to butter our hands, then we started pulling. 

As we pulled, Mom added food coloring to the long ropes of sticky-sweetness. Unfortunately, she grabbed the black food coloring instead of blue, so the more we pulled, the more the candy looked like it had been mangled by dirty, grubby hands. 

In spite of the gross gray color, it was good and we had such a wonderful time pulling the taffy.

I was thinking about that fun memory, and it made me wonder about the origins of taffy.





There are references as early as 1817 of  "a treacle thickened by boiling and made into hard cakes," the earliest form of taffy. 

Throughout the 1800s, one of the most popular types of parties were called candy pulls, which involved buttering one's hands and pulling candy into long ropes. The parties were entertaining to young and old alike, and offered a suitable chaperoned pastime for courting couples.

The requirement for a good candy pull included a warm kitchen, copper pans, plenty of butter (for greasing hands), and a well-stocked supply of aprons and napkins.


Candy pulls hit their height of popularity during the 1840s. The parties were considered a great way to entertain guests, or to celebrate special events, like birthdays. 

To make the taffy, molasses candy was created by boiling the molasses, then spreading it in greased pans until it was cool to the touch. The candy was then pulled until it was a light yellow color. Once the color was achieved, the candy was cut into pieces, or shaped into ropes, braids, or sticks. It could even be cut with scissors into drop-like shapes. 

In the 1870s, the name candy pull segued to taffy pull as even the wealthy got in on the fun. Taffy pulls became a social event attended by the fashionable as a source of amusement. 


If you want to make your own taffy, I found a recipe that looks incredibly easy (although I haven't tested it!).

Old-Fashioned Taffy
1 can sweetened condensed milk
1/2 cup molasses
Dash of salt


Butter a jelly roll pan and set aside.


In a heavy saucepan, heat milk, molasses, and salt. Stir and cook over low heat until a hard ball forms when tested in cold water. Spread mixture into prepared pan and cool until you can handle it. Butter hands and pull pieces into a long rope, working until color of taffy lightens. Cut into pieces. Works best pulling with a partner.

If you enjoy old-fashioned treats, events and parlor games, don't miss out on my Hardman Holidays series!


Today, you can download the first book, The Christmas Bargain, for free on Amazon!

Happy reading and Happy New Year!

Tuesday, January 11, 2022

A Lady's Traveling Essentials by Kimberly Grist


According to the American Etiquette Rules of Politeness, written by Walker, Houghton in 1883, “There is no situation in which a lady is more exposed than when she travels, and there is no position where a dignified, lady-like deportment is more indispensable and more certain to command respect.”

Travel Essentials

  • Mr. Houghton recommended carrying a sponge, tooth and nail brushes, soap in an oilskin bag.

The Modern Toothbrush

William Addis designed the more modern toothbrush in England around 1780. The handle was carved from cattle bone, and the brush was made from pigs' hair. In 1844, the first 3-row bristle brush was designed. The first U.S. patent for a toothbrush was filed in 1857.

The first commercially produced, nice-smelling toothpaste was launched by Colgate and sold in a jar in 1873.

  • Mr. Houghton also recommended a hairbrush, comb, hairpins, a small mirror, and towels should be carried in your traveling satchel.
Miniature travel mirror from 1872.

The First Modern Mirrors

European glassmakers learned how to coat glass with a tin-mercury amalgam during the Renaissance, creating a perfectly reflective surface. Venice, known for its skilled glass artisans, became a center of high-quality mirror production in the 1500s, creating coveted ornate hand-made matching vanity sets, which usually included a hairbrush, a comb, and a handheld mirror. The first modern mirrors appeared in 1835 when Justus von Liebig developed a technique for coating glass with silver.
1800’s Sevres or Sevres style vanity set, with a bristle brush and hand mirror, porcelain cherubs, mythical griffin art nouveau ormolu handle.

Safety

  • Another recommendation from the American Etiquette Rules of Politeness was to have a strong pocket made in your upper petticoat, and in that carry your money, only reserving in your dress pocket a small sum for incidental expenses.
A pair of pockets from the early 19th century.

Safety First- looking beyond Mr. Houghton's recommendations-Pocket Pistols


The pocket pistol, also known as the Queen Anne pistol, originated in the mid-17th century as a small, concealable coat pistol or pocket pistol. This style was used during the 18th century, evolving from a weapon reserved for the wealthy to a common sidearm in broader use as more and more manufacturers made them by the start of the 19th century.
 

The boot pistol was another version of the muff pistol produced from 1800 until the 1850s, became popular with the Union army officers during the Civil War. These types of weapons were also frequently used by women because they were concealable in a purse.

During the 18th century, wealthy travelers concealed small single-shot pistols in the pocket of a coat as protection from highwaymen. Overcoat pistols with a turn-off barrel were designed for women to carry in their muffs.
Boot pistol of the mid-Victorian era.
Original Remington Model 95 derringer

When tucked into a vest or coat pocket, a derringer would not produce any more of a bulge in one’s clothing than would a pocket watch. Some manufacturers marketed their small firearms directly to the ladies. In 1866, Charles Converse and Samuel Hopkins manufactured approximately 800 pistols and sold under the trade name of “Ladies Companion.”


The 19th-century vest-sized pocket pistol was the double barrel, Philadelphia Deringer. The Rimfire Remington Model 95 was widely popular and overshadowed all other designs and became synonymous with the word, "Derringer." It is estimated that 150,000 were produced between 1866 and 1935. The Remington double-barrel derringer design is still being manufactured today.

Multi-purpose Hatpins

Not every Victorian woman possessed a firearm. But most well-dressed women possessed a hat and hatpin. Laws were passed in America in 1908 that limited the length. By 1910 ordinances were passed requiring hatpins to be covered with tips.
Hatpins and umbrellas were also used in self-defense and as Weapons


How to Defend Yourself, San Francisco Call, August 1904

Monday, January 10, 2022

Primitive Conditions in Early Kansas Frontier Forts by Zina Abbott

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I hoped to be able to announce today that the paperback version of my boxset, Hannah’s Lieutenant, is available. Unfortunately, I ran into a snag with Amazon. They want me to bill it as a single, not as a boxset—perhaps because I gave it a whole new name which I found more descriptive than just merely describing it as a boxset of the two included titles, Hannah’s Handkerchief and Hannah’s Highest Regard—the two books originally published in 2020. Because together they told Hannah’s story, I wanted to combine them for the print version. If you have not yet read Hannah’s story in ebook format and prefer print, keep an eye out. I will get it in print, just not today.

In 2020, I spent a lot of time researching and writing about the Kansas frontier—not only for my two Hannah books, but for the three books I wrote for the Widows, Brides, & Secret Babies series. In honor of this project, all I can say is, “I’m b-a-a-a-ck!” My writing connection will become more evident once I share where my first original publication for 2022 will be set.

One of the frustrating aspects of researching frontier forts is that there were often several military camps, cantonments, posts, and forts in the same general area, all with different names. However, it is the primitive nature of the forts as they existed in 1865 at the start of Hannah’s story that I wish to discuss.

Fort Ellsworth


 

Built along the Smoky Hill River and Smoky Hill Trail, Fort Ellsworth served to protect the military road that ran from there to Fort Zarah located along the Santa Fe Trail near the big bend in the Arkansas River. 

The camp occupied the same general site as a stagecoach station and a hunting and trading ranch. It was also the point where the Fort Riley-Fort Larned Road crossed the Smokey Hill River in the present Ellsworth County in Kansas.

Daniel Page and Joseph Lehman established the hunting camp and trading ranch in 1860. The men gathered wolf and buffalo hides for trade. In 1862 the ranch became a station for the Kansas Stage Company. The station kept and fed mules that were changed when stagecoaches came through. The station was raided by Confederate soldiers in September of that year.

In August 1864, Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, the department commander, established a military camp four miles southeast of the stage and hunting ranch site. The fort's mission was to protect the area settlers from hostile Indians. Soldiers from the 7th Iowa Cavalry, under the command of 2nd Lt. Allen Ellsworth, set up the fort. They built a two-story blockhouse using logs already cut and hewn on two sides found at the abandoned Page-Lehman ranch. The blockhouse became the nucleus of the fort. Other than that, since the fort was intended to be temporary, it consisted of hastily-constructed dugouts and log structures, which served as quarters for the soldiers. Other structures included a commissary, an officers' mess, and a makeshift shelter for the horses. Based on the descriptions, all of these structures were made largely from materials on hand--logs, sod, and brush.  Maj. Gen. Curtis named the post Fort Ellsworth for Lt. Ellsworth.

Even though some buildings were constructed by the end of the Civil War, the men still lived in primitive housing. M. Wisner wrote his company arrived in January 1865 and had to build dugouts with mud chimneys. He also noted these dugouts were comfortable in the severe cold weather.

That changed in 1866 when it was decided to abandon the fort at its location along the Smoky Hill River. 1867, a new fort, Fort Harker, was built about a mile to the northeast. If you wish to read my 2020 post on another blog about Forts Ellsworth and Harker, please CLICK HERE

Fort Larned


I do not have pictures of the dugouts at Fort Ellsworth. However, they were probably fairly similar to those built at Fort Larned, shown above, when it was first established in October 22, 1859

 

William Bent, agent for the Upper Arkansas Indians, in a letter to A. M. Robinson, superintendent of Indian affairs for the Central Superintendency at St. Louis, reported he had encountered 2,500 Kiowa and Comanche warriors at the mouth of Walnut creek (25 miles east of Pawnee Fork). Bent also stated that he had witnessed, to October of 1859, 60,000 white people along the trail, which he attributed the accelerated traffic to the discovery of gold in the Pike's Peak region. His report pointed out the difficulty the Indians were having to maintain their natural subsistence. There was also the need to protect the recently established stage stations on the Trail from the resistance of the Plains Indians.  He suggested the location of the fort.

The exact location of this installation was at the base of Lookout Hill (now known as Jenkins Hill), on the south side of the Pawnee, eight miles from its confluence with the Arkansas River.

A description of the first structures of "Camp on the Pawnee Fork" is given in Capt. Lambert Wolf's diary:

October 23, plans are made for the horse and cattle stable, also for officers' and company quarters, all of which are to be built of sod, cut with spades by members of our company. Our stable [probably meaning fortification] is to be 100 feet square . . . wall 12 feet high . . . .

These plans must have been set aside for several months. As late as July 22, 1860, a letter from Camp Alert (as the installation was then called), failed to note anything more permanent than tents in the fort.

The forces of Stewart and Wessels remained at "Camp on the Pawnee Fork" until November 27, 1859, when they were relieved by a detail of 40 men under the command of one Lieutenant Bell, whose specific instructions were to act as a construction crew for the permanent site.

Fort Larned brick officers' quarters built in 1868

The first buildings were constructed of adobe bricks, which, although an improvement over tents and dugouts, were subject to bug infestation and water damage during heavy rains. Plans to build more solid structures of nearby native stone was put on hold due to the Civil War. The fort made do with its adobe buildings until 1866. It was these years immediately following the American Civil War in which Quartermaster Jake Burdock arrives at Fort Larned.

You might wish to read my earlier post about Fort Larned on another blog for which I write. Please CLICK HERE.


Fort Hays

Originally built to protect the Butterfield Overland Despatch line that tended to follow the Smoky Hills River, the original Fort Hays was destroyed by a flood—common occurrences along the rivers of the Kansas frontier—in June of 1867. Nine soldiers and civilians died. This forced the relocation of the fort.

 By this time, the army wanted the fort to be used as a supply depot for other forts in the area, this provided the momentum to relocate the fort close to the railroad line several miles away. Two weeks later, on June 23, the new Fort Hays was built and occupied fifteen miles west of the previous location and near the railroad right-of-way. 

You might wish to learn more about the old and new Fort Hays and its role as a large supply depot to service forts to the south and west by reading my 2020 post on another blog. Please CLICK HERE.

Fort Zarah

On June 14, 1864, Maj. T. I. McKenny, inspector-general and his party were en route to Fort Larned escorting a mail stage. After a 40-mile journey from Smoky Hill crossing, the site of early Fort Ellsworth where construction on a blockout was underway, they reached Walnut Creek. According to his report, he "camped at a point where the road intersects the old Santa Fe road, and where the Leavenworth and Kansas City mails are due at the same time"; "found the ranch [Rath's] entirely deserted." (He saw the owner next day at Fort Larned.)

In his June 15 report, written at Fort Larned, Major McKenny included his intent to "build a block-house" at Walnut Creek on his return trip. Camp Dunlap was established two miles east of present-day Great Bend in July 1864. The major left Captain Dunlap with 45 men, Fifteenth Kansas there. Initially, it was comprised of dugouts and tents, but the men were left to build a stone fort.

You might want to read more details about Fort Zarah from of my earlier blog posts on a different blog. Please CLICK HERE.

Fort Dodge

The Kansas fort at the greatest distance from Fort Riley, the primary supply fort for Kansas and forts farther west and south, was Fort Dodge. It was located east of the western junction of the wet and dry routes of the Santa Fe Trail. This fort was originally a campground along the portion of the Santa Fe Trail that followed the Arkansas River.

 


On March 23, 1865, Major General Grenville M. Dodge, commander of the 11th and 16th Kansas Cavalry Regiments, proposed establishing a new military post west of Fort Larned. On April 10, 1865, Captain Henry Pearce, with Company C, Eleventh Cavalry Regiment, and Company F, Second U.S. Volunteer Infantry (better known as “galvanized Yankees”—Confederate prisoners-of-war who chose to join the Union Army to serve on the frontier rather than languish and probably die in prisoner-of-war camps.) traveled from Fort Larned to occupy and establish Fort Dodge.

In the beginning, Fort Dodge was a primitive affair. Like other forts built along rivers with steep banks and a scarcity of timber, housing was created by cutting into the dirt banks. One source claims the housing was dug along the south side of the river and covered with canvas roofs.

Another source—the one I relied upon in my Hannah books—claimed the initial buildings were earth dugouts excavated along the north bank of the Arkansas River. With no lumber or hardware, the men used grass and earth—the materials available in the area—to create the seventy sod dugouts that were 10 X 12 feet in circumference and seven feet deep. A door to the south faced the river and a hole in the roof admitted air and light. Their one redeeming value was that the dirt walls provided insulation, keeping the soldiers warm in winter and cooler in the prairie summer heat.

Banks of earth were bunks for the soddies that slept from two to four men. All was good until the Arkansas River flooded, which sent the soldiers scrambling to save as many of their possessions as possible before they fled to higher ground.

Sanitation was poor. Pneumonia, dysentery, diarrhea, and malaria were common in the first year in the isolated fort.

This was how I described Fort Dodge where my hero, First Lieutenant Jake Burdock, in Hannah’s Handkerchief, now the first book in my Hannah’s Lieutenant boxset, expected to stay when he was sent there to assess the needs of the fort as part of his duties of quartermaster assigned to the forts on the Kansas Frontier. Here is an excerpt from a letter from his letter to Hannah:

       However, my concerns revolve around the quarters I have heard they are reduced to inhabiting that I suspect are unacceptable. With no wood within fifteen miles of the fort’s location, caves have been dug into the banks of the Arkansas River, similar to the Fort Ellsworth dugouts along the banks of the Smoky Hill River. They contain one opening for an entry and another on top for light and smoke to escape, all where rain and the rising river can weaken the soil, which leads to collapse. Although I have been assured such quarters will insulate and protect them from the worst of the winter storms that sweep across the plains, I suspect such living conditions, where they burrow into the earth like prairie dogs, are not adequate, not even for galvanized Yankees. Besides, that unit is due to be mustered out shortly.

          Who knows but what I might find myself wintering in such conditions and might soon be grateful for my earthen habitat? If such is the case, I will let you know how I fare….

After reading this letter to her father, here is part of the conversation between them:

      By the way her father’s voice caught when he paused, Hannah suspected he had more to say on the subject.

          “Your mother told me about the talk you two had about soddies, about how you don’t want to marry a farmer if it means living in one.”

          Even though she knew her face was hidden from her father by the darkness, Hannah felt herself blush. “I figured she would. It’s true. People might accuse me of being proud and too particular, but I would much rather live in a house that is not made of dirt.”

 1879 Kansas Sod House

          “It sounds like, before the year’s out, your soldier might be living in something like a soddie, only not as well-constructed as the ones built around here. Would you be willing to marry an officer if officers’ quarters were in a dirt cave?”

          Hannah turned her head aside. “I can’t say that prospect appeals to me.”…


Between the two books, Hannah ends up being courted by two different Army lieutenants. Which will she choose? I’ll let you read the book to find out. However, here is one clue regarding the home in which she will eventually end up living:


You may find my boxset, Hannah’s Lieutenant, including the book description, by CLICKING HERE.

 

I mentioned at the top that I was back in Kansas for my first book in 2022. I do not have a book link for it yet, but along with my book description, I will share it on my NEWSLETTER this coming Friday, January 14, 2022. What I will do is leave you with a few teasers:

The book takes place in 1871, three years after Hannah’s Lieutenant ends.

I traded stagecoaches and freight wagons for railroad lines.

I traded forts and stagecoach stations for a cow town and stockyards.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

https://kshs.org/kansapedia/fort-ellsworth/17158

https://www.santafetrailresearch.com/spacepix/fort-ellsworth.html

https://www.santafetrailresearch.com/research/fort-larned.html

https://www.kshs.org/p/the-story-of-fort-larned/13139

George A. Root. ed., "Extracts From the Diary of Captain Lambert Bowman Wolf," The Kansas Historical Quarterly, Topeka, v. 1 (1931 - 1932), p. 204.

Lee, Wayne C. and Howard C. Raynesford; Trails of the Smoky Hill

https://www.legendsofamerica.com/ks-fortdodge/

https://www.kshs.org/kansapedia/housing-in-kansas-history/15143

Wikipedia